Science topics: Engineering
Science topic

Engineering - Science topic

This research group is created with an intention of making an interaction among the research scholars, professors, scientists, engineers & technologists working in the field of Engineering, so that today’s novel ideas can become reality of tomorrow and these all can be implemented in a more constructive manner for the welfare of whole mankind
Questions related to Engineering
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Dear colleagues,
We are editing a Special Issue entitled “Low-Carbon Energy Systems: Recent Engineering Materials and Technologies” from the open-access journal–"Energies" from Switzerland (Impact Factor 3.004 and CiteScore 4.7 (Q1)).
We are inviting you and your team to contribute a work to this special issue. The submission deadline is 31 March 2022.
For more information of the Special Issue:
Thanks for considering it, and hoping you are well. We look forward to hearing from you soon.
Best regards,
Dr. Ali Shubbar
Guest Editor
Dr. Mohammed Salah Nasr
Assistant Guest Editor
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Interested. Thanks for the announcement
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Phd Research Suggestion on Geo technical Engineering?
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It’s better to consult with your PHD advisor and try to gather some ideas which he/she has a interest and experience in it. Next step is matching your common interest.
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How valuable is it to master Excel VBA in 2021, when most fields are dominated by data science and Python?
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Scholar Metrics provide an easy way for authors to quickly gauge the visibility and influence of recent articles in scholarly publications. Today, we are releasing the 2021 version of Scholar Metrics. This release covers articles published in 2016–2020 and includes citations from all articles that were indexed in Google Scholar as of July 2020.
Link:
Scholar Metrics include journals from websites that follow our inclusion guidelines and selected conferences in Engineering & Computer Science. Publications with fewer than 100 articles in 2016-2020, or publications that received no citations over these years are not included. You can browse publications in specific categories such as Computational Linguistics, Hematology, or Religion as well as broad areas like Engineering & Computer Science or Humanities, Literature & Arts . You will see the top 20 publications ordered by their five-year h-index and h-median metrics. You also can browse the top 100 publications in several languages - for example, Portuguese and Spanish. For each publication, you can view the top papers by clicking on the h5-index. Scholar Metrics include a large number of publications beyond those listed on the per-category and per-language pages.
Source: GoogleScholar
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Thank you very much for this update
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Preliminary results of the EURO WISDOM survey to understand career paths in Operational Research (OR) by gender suggest OR is carried out in more Engineering departments than in Schools of Business.
Faculty survey respondents to date are affiliated to:
Engineering 34%
Business 30%
Computer Science 12%
Mathematics 10%
Research Centre/Other 15%
Which is that true for you?
We invite anyone working in OR (male/female/academic/practionner) to complete the 10 minute anonymous survey by Sunday 25th July 2021. The survey is here: https://ucdbusiness.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_3UfzP74RaNRhbxQ
The EURO WISDOM Forum provides a platform to support, empower and encourage the participation of all genders in Operational Research within EURO. You'll find more details about the EURO WISDOM Forum here: https://www.euro-online.org/web/pages/1654/wisdom
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Operations research is a very vital and critical option in Mathematics, to the best of my knowledge. I have a colleague whom is majored in this area. However, it's also a vital part of social science and management in most schools in Nigeria.
I will conclude here that, depending on the curriculum design, most course outline in Statistics/Mathematics major in Operations research or Mathematical modeling. Engineering on the other hand, especially process fields also cuts across this area as an analytical tool to solving problems.
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My name is Rabira Etafa from Ethiopia. I'm graduate from Addis Ababa University by Electrical Control Engineering and I want to publish my M.sc thesis. Please any help?
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You mean want to convert into publication or what? if publishing on format thesis just keep it repository campus of yours.
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I want to design a micro-strip line for a mm wave application. I am using formula mentioned in David Pozar`s Micro-wave Engineering book, Is there any other method or analysis I can use to design for the frequency range suitable for my application. Thank-you in Advance
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Hello Khalid Shaikh, Pozars book is a good start. There are multiple books written on the topic, that go into more detail and only focus on MS and coplanar designs. At these frequencies you have to take the surface roughness of your materials into account. Due to the skin effect the electromagnetic waves will hardly penetrate the conductor. I would also recommend that you try to simulate your MS line in a suited EM-simulator. The best suited simulator for this case should be SONNET, but I am sure you can also achieve acceptable results with AWR Microwave Office or Ansys HFSS. Please keep in mind, that not everything that can be simulated can also be manufactured. You should check the manufacturing parameters of your PCB supplier and orient your design according to these requirements. You should also think about how to measure your line once it has been produced. You probably need to create probe pads or use special RF connectors ( I think 1mm is required at these frequencies). Best regards
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Hi, I'm new to the engineering field and currently in 1st semester(civil engineering). I would be happy if you point out some of the topics in the Engineering research field, so that I could also start to do some research on them.
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Для начала необходимо иметь руководителя из числа опытных, имеющих ученую степень преподавателей. Он подскажет и тему, и литературу, и с чего начать и чем закончить. Если с этими будут проблемы, напишите мне на мою почту agd_tmm48@mail.ru To begin with, it is necessary to have a supervisor from among experienced teachers with an academic degree. He will tell you both the topic and the literature, and where to start and how to finish. If there are any problems with these, write to me at my email agd_tmm48@mail.ru
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We are using Water's PDA Detector and engineer prefer to measure energy with specific methanol and @ 230 nm,
Any specified reason to measure on this particular wavelength?
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Because: That is the official" Waters SOP for measurement of lamp energy on many of their diode-array detectors (with D2 lamps) using Methanol and the known energy peak (apex) observed and measured at 230.68 nm.
  • Other fully acceptable PDA methods to determine lamp energy at multiple wavelengths (across the usuable range 190-600 nm) are also available using more transparent solutions such as ACN which may provide more detailed and practical information (because lamp energy usually shows more noise in the low UV range as they age), but some vendors use a more simplified method. It is a choice.
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Hi every one, I am teaching Math for for Engineering field (undergraduate). I have a lot textbooks but need your guide or advice for some books could help me to make lecture note.
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I like Bird's Higher Engineering Mathematics (by John Bird).
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Biofeedback is a method that uses the mind to control a body function that the body normally regulates automatically, such as muscle tension, heart rate, pain perception or stability...
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Yes: Of course!!
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Dear connections, I am looking for the possible causes of death of microorganisms as the case study below:
In the morning, when the lab engineer check microorganisms under a microscope, he observed that all the microorganisms in the bioreactor died out. It was normal yesterday, what could be the reason?
Thanks in advance.
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More options: virus, age, etc.
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Dear researchers, I am very interested in making more progress in the direction of the functional analysis and number theory. After the second stage of my private research regarding the Riemann Zeta function and Xi-function, I have been able to validate one fascinating consequence of the Riemann Hypothesis, probably never seen before, and it is related to the set of the Taylor even coefficients a_2n and Jensen C_n (and the Turán moments b_m or b_n calculated by professors Csordas, Norfolk and Varga, almost 36 years ago). I have validated these b_m, and their impact in the definition of the famous coefficients of the Jensen polynomials with shift N=0 and Taylor coefficients a_2n which evidently (or undoubtedly) lets formulate a representation by a series for the well-known and important Euler-Mascheroni constant, and also the Lugo's. I do not have any contract with any institution (university) nor studying any master/PhD, but I considere that I could show an significant set of results that would open the door for future researchs not only in mathematics, but also in physics. As I live in Europe, electronics engineer graduate from UPB, several years ago (2007) and my passion for searching and validating models ( I am good at Matlab and other programms), I can work in a research project if I had such priceless opportunity. The reason for investigating in functional analysis and number theory when being an electronics engineer is because I like mathematics being applied to several fields, I believe in the possibility to determine new formulas that impact in exact science and engineering. Nowadays, I feel alone in my own research and I have tried to contact several magazines for showing these golden results and to be able to coming back to the college world, unfortunately, time and some circumstances during my years as engineer trying to pursuit some chance in research have affected my way to do what I would love to do the best: researching and completing my PhD. That is why I post this question about who could help me to come back to an institution and be able to build an interesting path of results and findings I know I can give.
For now, I have reached a tremendous data and fascinating equations that only could be exposed once finished my 10 or 13 pages of current article, as I am aware of the formal stages of a publication. I would like to contact not only magazines, but also prestigious universities whose groups or members could get inmersed in my ideas and results.
Let me know if there were good information and contacts via inbox or replying to this post.
Thanks in advance.
Carlos López
Electronics engineer
Graduate from UPB, Medellín, Colombia
Technical representative, current city: Szczecin, Poland
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I agree with Dr Issam.
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When we tend to mention an engineering in these biological areas, many would stay back. There are nevertheless many engineerings they use, the most common is genetic engineering. How many are there and what do they mean? Any contribution is welcome.
I shall start by adding the ones I know. Can anyone desceibe what they are?
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in biology, programmers are more likely (editing DNA or RNA) than engineers, as well as manufacturers of bio-chips (nanotechnology)
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Hello Dears,
The future of all industries and life on Earth depends on the future of the energy industry. In this regard, choosing the best energy source and optimally investing in it is very important. In your opinion, which energy source will make the most of the future of the energy industry according to the uncertain environmental conditions?
Bests,
Dashtpeyma
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It depends on the continent. In Africa, solar and wind as well as biofuels have greater potential in the future.
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As a 2nd-year PhD researcher, I have been curious about the number of simulation-only PhD theses that exist in fields such as Engineering as well as unrelated fields as well. There is of course value in lab-testing, given how a simulation cannot always account for every boundary condition or factor. Usually, from my limited but growing experience, simulation, in the case of Additive Manufacturing and mechanical testing, is normally used as a validating tool; to help prove in a non-virtual environment what may be seen and tested in the lab, before any kind of scaling or future work is done using simulation (for cost-effectiveness and resource-saving etc.).
But in fields where in-situ testing is normally done, are there PhD theses that "Jump the gun" as it were, and go straight to simulation? Any information on this will be most appreciated given how, in some locations/countries where interaction and access to tools on campus and labs are minimal still due to Covid, improvisations must be made.
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Ezekiel Yorke I believe you partly answered your question in the last sentence of the first paragraph-"for cost-effectiveness and resource-saving".
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I plan to post a research pre-print in arXiv.org of a paper that I already submitted for publication in a journal.
If the pre-print gets cited, I wonder if the citations can be attributed to its corresponding journal article once it gets published.
I hope those with experience on this can provide some insights below.
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Mª Angeles Zorrilla Lopez-Perea
Arxiv is not a journal, but the most popular collection of preprints in the world, in which articles are mostly pre-published before they are sent to journals. Arxiv has nothing to do with logs. Articles published in Arxiv are not indexed in world databases such as WoS, Scopus.
I'm sorry if I didn't answer what you asked
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What can cause severe bending conditions on the wind power plant's tower(only the tower part)? I assume that as the wind hits the blades it create a bending moment which vary linearly from wing tip to wing base. This moment will be transferred from blade's base to the top of the tower ( we have then a model like a beam with one end fixed and a bending moment on top). And I think that this moment has larger condtribution to tower's bending than the force coming from the wind as it hits the structure. Correct If I am wrong.
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The bendig moment at the root of the blades dissipate locally at the top of the tower. These are local moments that do not carry on the cylinder. The bending moment at the base of the tower come from the force component on the blades and the wind pressure on the tower.
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There are several university ranking agencies that are gaining popularity among students, parents, universities, private organizations, and even governments.
The criteria used by these agencies are so different that, being in a top 100 in one ranking might put you in the top 300 in the other. Should these rankings be taken seriously? Should they be used as a measure of the students' quality for postgraduate study, or job entry application?
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Hi. I don’t think so.
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Hello everyone,
I'm looking for some short courses (not online) in the field of CE (more interested in Automotive control) in Europe.
My field of interests are,
- Robotic Control Systems
- Vehicular Dynamics Control
- Motion Control
- Data-Driven Control
- Optimal Control
- System Identification
- Reinforcement Learning Control Design.
I can participate by Self-Fund but I will be happier if there will be a scholarship or something,
please help me in this area if you have any experience,
Thanks a lot for reading,
Yours cordially,
A. M.
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What can I do as a graduation project for my Mechatronics Engineering BS degree , im interested in EV's
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I would like to start a discussion on which index is more reliable, H-Index or i10-Index. Both are usable, however their ways of calculation are different. There is also G-Index. I am not asking on the differences but on their reliability. Welcome to any comments.
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Good question,but both are so low for me that it does not matter.
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Hi I want to know more about how are new cities implementing biophilic design to their buildings and how much this is growing. Also how important is the LEED certificate becoming for this implementation.
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Hi dear Santiago.
Real architecture is called architecture in which human thoughts and feelings are taken into account and this architecture creates a perfect fit that pays attention to structure and function at the same time. We know that our relationship with nature promotes health and well-being, and this relationship can also improve physical function. People who live in a building do not just need to work, play, eat or sleep. They want to be inspired and inspired by their surroundings, to feel comfortable and strong in it. They need a space that makes them more comfortable. The solution to architectural sustainability is to work in harmony with nature. That is, one must understand nature, explore it with sensitivity, and at the same time avoid damaging nature's systems. The architect-planner should pay attention to the concept of biophilia, which causes the continuity of performance and health and emotional states of residents and individuals and leads to positive reactions in the environment, and the general process in the architectural predominance to such things as:
1- Making natural and physical frameworks friendlier
2- Optimal organization of energy consumption
3- Ensuring the effective relationship between human progress and optimal management of natural resources in reducing the negative effects of climate change.
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What are some of the international/national travel grants that are available for Master's (M.Tech) students to present research in conferences/seminars/workshops/symposiums. Any suggestions regarding this will be greatly appreciated.
Thank You in advance.
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ICSSR,DST
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I am an engineer/researcher  developing code for finding feature parameters of irregular shaped 2d closed curves . For example a square has 4 corners and one width/height , circle infinite corners/radius, oval infinite corners/ 2 lengths major and minor. So I was wondering if we could have various measure for real life curves as found in US cardiac images such as width of the ventricles.Any help would be deeply appreciated.
Thanks,
Sushma
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Perhaps fractal dimension based on perimeter / circumference of the given curve
using an approximate regular figure could help..
Cheers
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First order reaction rate?
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it is bad that micro organisms are active.
We need to apply disinfectants to make the micro organisms inactive.
So the time (t) it takes disinfectants to inactivate n number of micro-organisms is recorded.
Therefore Chick's law states that
""inactivation of micro-organisms in a disinfection plant depends on the time that the microorganism are exposed to the disinfectant"
dn/dt = kN
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Outcome Based Education (OBE).
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Out come based curriculum defines out come of a graduate at programme level, course level and topic level. And at all level every domain of learning are implemented. So that Graduate students are through knowledge, technical skill and generic skills (attitude). So at the end of a topic the graduates do not only learn the theory (knowledge), but also learn how to use the knowledge practically (skills) and finally how to apply the knowledge and skills(aggregates of knowledge, skill and attitude) (the way it is consumed by the industries and the stakeholders).
In OBE the is also integrated maping of course learning out come, Programme learning out come and programme education out come. So that learning at unit level (course) is in accordance with programme out come.
For technical education like engineering (also medical , agriculture or business management) this sort of learning is essential, so that graduates become worthy in real life.
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Hi there
As a corrosion engineer, it was so interesting for me to compare SCC (Stress Corrosion Cracking) and SSC (Sulfide Stress Cracking).
One of the most characteristic differences between these two cracking mechanism is their mechanism from electrochemical conceptual point of view, so that one of them follows cathodic cracking mechanism and the other follows anodic cracking mechanism. In SCC mechanism, there is always an anodic reaction in which the surface of the metal corrodes at a weak point and corroded point or area plays an anodic area compared to the other surface area, and combination of the corrosion and stress concentration in corroded area ends in a rapid cracking phenomenon. While in SSC damage mechanism, it is a cathodic cracking mechanism which initiates this cracking phenomenon. Would you exactly explain:
1- What would happen in SSC mechanism ?
And
2- What conditions need to be present in wet H2S containing acidic solutions with pH of less than 4 to experience SSC phenomenon ?
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Dear Askar,
We studied the mechanisms of "Sulphide Stress Cracking," "Stress Corrosion Cracking," and "Hydrogen Induced Cracking" and compared the conditions of each in the paper "Important Factors on the Failure of Pipeline Steels with a Focus on Hydrogen Induced Cracks and Improvement of Their Resistance". It is available for reading.
Regards,
Hadi
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I'm in a situation where I need to compare the accuracy of one stress-strain curve with respect to the other, with both curves having different x and y coordinates. If both curves have the same x-coordinates (independent variable) and varying y-coordinates (dependent variable), I could use the R squared value or the Weighted Least Squares (WLS) method.
I'm trying to avoid interpolation as there are many values and would be a very tedious task.
Any help is appreciated :)
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Thank you for all your answers. It is much appreciated :)
I stumbled upon a software called 'Origin Lab' that gets the job done.
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I have just completed my B.Sc(Engineering) in EEE from University of Dhaka. I have some research experience (both theoritical and practical). I am preparing to publish some of the works I had done in the previous years in some journals. But I don't know how much this will affect in my future application to professors for phd program. Besides, I am also curious to know about the role of a journal's Impact factor on a new researcher like me. Like if I manage to publish my work in a low impact factor journal, would it cause any negative impression on my professor whom am I mailing to?
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Focus on contribution. Be patient. If you set some great objectives for yourself, repeated failures saddens you. Notice that you have a long way to be so competent and powerful to author a good paper. You need a great goal, a great idea, a great contribution, a great writing style, a great aesthetic subtlest, and a deep publication experiences. At the moment, you may think that your paper is a great sample of scientific research, but, after some years, you will grow and aquire knowledge, you will be more experienced, you will get an insightful expert, you will find it was not so outstanding. Best wishes, Babak Jamshidi
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When I was an engineering student, while investigating a circuit schematic, I was often discouraged by a device whose symbol I was not familiar with. Thinking that it was a different device, I was usually giving up. In some of the cases, I was finding out (much later) that the device was actually just a regular device (e.g. an inductor or a Zener diode, etc.) with another symbol accepted/used by some other engineers.
When I started to teach electronics, I noticed that I should make convincing explanations for my students to relax them about such occasions. For example, I mention multiple symbols used for Zener diodes, along with the meaning/purpose of essential items of each symbol version. Unfortunately, sometimes I cannot convince some of the students about this many versions of symbols used for the same specific device.
This issue can be an important problem when you are publishing or reading papers in different scientific journals.
Now, I remembered another case -although not very similar-, namely the unit of electrical conductance, which is given with the unit "Siemens", as well as with 1/Ohm, represented by Ω-1 or by and even by "mho" (Leaving away the "inverted omega" symbol which I also regard as unusual, I have always thought that, Georg Ohm would not be happy about the "mho" unit).
Of course, some symbol versions (e.g. some of the ground symbols given in the figure) may represent a slightly or substantially different property/behavior. However, many people occasionally use those different symbols to represent the same specific device. With no doubt, that's another aspect of the "multiple symbols" issue.
For sure there are multiple standards that we cannot alter to fix a unique symbol for a specific device.
On the other hand, this "multiple symbols" issue often creates problems, especially for the students who are in a struggle to learn/understand new devices.
The "handy" versions of the symbols (like the last ground symbols in the figure) preferred by some instructors may complicate the issue further.
A symbol which reminds of the device's main behavior, points out to difference and similarity with another device, provides ease of drawing and ease of spotting the device on a schematic, etc., can be assumed a good symbol (This can explain, for instance, the different versions of Zener diode symbols).
I know that many of you may think that I am exaggerating the problem. Nevertheless, I would like to know what others think about this issue.
Any personal experiences or suggestions which may be helpful especially for teaching will also be appreciated.
Best regards...
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In my first answer, I referred to the symbols in the upper row of the attached file. These replaced those in the lower row which were a former DIN attempt to make German symbols "unique" but those older ones had at least some resemblance to the more widespread symbols.
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Can anybody suggest ways of improving alkaline resistance and hydrophobicity of a solvent based Acrylic Pressure Sensitive Adhesive manufactured from 2EHA, BA, MMA and AA monomers? Any comment is highly valuable for me.
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Reduce acrylic acid in the formulation. It gets hydrolysed over a period of time
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What is the aerodynamic issues expected on mars regarding the fly of NASA's Ingenuity Mars Helicopter?
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The Red Planet has a significantly lower gravity one-third that of Earth’s and an extremely thin atmosphere with only 1% the pressure at the surface compared to our planet. This means there are relatively few air molecules with which Ingenuity’s two 4-foot-wide (1.2-meter-wide) rotor blades can interact to achieve flight. Kindly check the following link:
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I have tried several mixes from literature with and without surface-treated PVA fibers. Tried about 15 different mixes with HMPC, oil-coated fibers, PE fibers, different sizes of sand (less than 200 microns), etc. However, microcracking/multi-crack and pseudo strain hardening behavior has not been observed. I would appreciate it if someone could advise or suggest any special mixing technique, mixing proportions, or testing methods to achieve the ECC.
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Dear Soheil
In my opinion, the best way to combine the materials you mentioned is to use a 3D printer.
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It has been over a year since global lockdowns began hampering development in a multitude of sectors and industries. Let's start a discussion and hopefully, learn from each other! Could you tell me:
1. Where you're from;
2. Your areas of research;
3. How your research was before the pandemic;
4. How the conduct of research has changed over the past year or so;
5. Any benefits that arose from the experience;
6. Lessons learned.
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Good evening. Thank you for the interesting question. We conduct research on the morphofunctional indicators of children and adults and the factors that affect them (for example, unfavorable environmental conditions, polyutants). Unfortunately, our research stopped during the pandemic. Because the object that we study is children and adults. Because of the pandemic, teaching has changed a lot (online lectures and video conferences).
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Dear colleagues
LC/MSD 6125B single quad Turbopump1 speed is only 0.2% and not increased even after 3-4 hours ON position? (pictures attached). the system did not shows green ready signal
Engineer checked power supply shows 48V which goes towards turbo pump it Ok as per manual, but still
It is requested some solution
thanks
Dr. Muhammad Riaz
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Seems pump is required to be repaired.
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I need to write a MATLAB code that has the ability to process a GIS image in order to extract the coordinates of the grid points within the red region (R) and that are at least distance "d" from its boundary. Each point in the R is given a weight w1 (attached figure). The same procedure is to be made for the green region (G) but w2 is the weight of any point in G. The gathered data are saved in a matrix formed of three rows: row 1 contains the abscissa, row 2 contains the ordinate, and row 3 the weight.
I am looking forward to getting your suggestions...thanks in advance.
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im=imread('GIS.jpg');
%imshow(im);
BW = im2single(im);
numclust=5;
[L,Centers] = imsegkmeans(BW,numclust); % matlab inbuilt
temp_mask = L==1;
figure,imshow(temp_mask);
might help:)
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Hello Guys
My friend ( Yunus Leonardo Haloho ) have a problems with his simulation.
He cant find how to get strength ultimate compressive with 3 layers ( Grassblock, Bedding sand, and soil ).
Please Help Him.
This simulation for his Thesis Bachelor Engineering.
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Good Morning
In Ansys he soil or the powder compactioncan be modeled using Drucker - Prager model:
The modified Drucker-Prager/Cap plasticity/creep model:
  • is intended to model cohesive geological materials that exhibit pressure-dependent yield, such as soils and rocks;
  • is based on the addition of a cap yield surface to the Drucker-Prager plasticity model (“Extended Drucker-Prager models,” ), which provides an inelastic hardening mechanism to account for plastic compaction and helps to control volume dilatancy when the material yields in shear;
  • can be used in Abaqus/Standard to simulate creep in materials exhibiting long-term inelastic deformation through a cohesion creep mechanism in the shear failure region and a consolidation creep mechanism in the cap region;
  • can be used in conjunction with either the elastic material model (“Linear elastic behavior,” S) or, in Abaqus/Standard if creep is not defined, the porous elastic material model (“Elastic behavior of porous materials,” Section ); and
  • provides a reasonable response to large stress reversals in the cap region; however, in the failure surface region the response is reasonable only for essentially monotonic loading.
Analyze the Abaqus program in Workbench
Dr. Pablo Vizguerra Morales
regards
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Computer Science and Engineering
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- Formal methods for analysis and verification of robotic software
- Analysis and verification of smart-contracts in blockchains
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Hi,
I'm interested in solving a nonconvex optimization problem that contains continuous variables and categorical variables (e.g. materials) available from a catalog.
What are the classical approaches? I've read about:
- metaheuristics: random trial and error ;
Are you aware of other systematic approaches?
Thank you,
Charlie
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Z. Nedelkov\'a, C.\ Cromvik, P.\ Lindroth, M.\ Patriksson, \and A.-B.\ Str\"omberg}, {\em A splitting algorithm for simulation-based optimization problems with categorical variables}, {\sf Engineering Optimization}, vol.~51 (2019), pp.~815--831.
It might help!
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Dear Research Gate Members,
Nowadays, everyone is talking about the new variant of Corona virus COVID-19 and its affects are alarming throughout the world.
Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
What is your expert opinion/experience/suggestion about the new variant of Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19)?
Thanks & Regards
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UK variant of SARS-CoV-2 is more lethal than the dominant circulating strains.
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In Engineering, Science, and Fluid Dynamics, there are many unitless numbers very useful for effective simulation. However, is there any parameter you analyze recently and you just appreciate your observation?
Which dimensionless parameter have you analyzed and deeply appreciate it's significance?
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The Reynolds number (Re) helps predict flow patterns in different fluid flow situations.
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Dear Research Gate Members,
It has been observed worldwide that the individual with weak immune system can be easily attacked by Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19). The prominent health experts are also suggesting to improve immune system against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19).
Please, share your expert suggestions on the following question.
How can we strengthen our immune system to fight against Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread?
Thanks & Regards
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International Journal of Recent Engineering Research and Development (IJRERD) ISSN- 2455-8761. kindly inform me about above fake or authentic of this journal
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Hello, I am about to start my final year as an undergraduate Electrical a Engineer . I am going to be writing my research proposal this year and was hoping someone could give me a bit of a perspective upon the active general research topics that would be worth focusing effort upon, or a certain area of research to consider.
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Does it all depend on what you intend to do as an electrical engineer?
Research or go to industria? As you are writing in the RG, I imagine it is for scientific research?
If so, you can: Research new models of bladeless wind generators, wearable electronics, construction of circuits via additive manufacturing (with 3D printing) and automation with industrial internet of things (IoT).
Good luck!
Stay healthy!
Regards,
Wiltgen
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In recent years, the field of combinatorial optimization has witnessed a true tsunami of so-called "novel" metaheuristic methods, most of them based on a metaphor of some natural or man-made process. The behavior of virtually any species of insects, the flow of water, musicians playing together -- it seems that no idea is too far-fetched to serve as an inspiration to launch yet another metaheuristic.
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The nature based algorithms are particular cases of making evolve codes algorithms, called in some my own works with the general denomination of the Integration of Variables method. I think such kind of algorithms will appear a great quantity in a next future.
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Hello Engineers;
Can anyone please help me regarding simulation for single-phase smart grid tie inverter?
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I agree with Mr. Hadi
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I'm looking for the human CD34 promoter sequence to engineer into a vector construct. Can anyone recommend a good source for this sequence?
Thanks very much,
Laura
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See the attached paper which can help you
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I’ve worked in both organisational structures pyramid and matrix. They both have their pros and cons but which structure do you prefer and why?
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The hierarchical structure is the best
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I am a Petroleum Production Engg MSc student at Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen and I am in the process of selecting a topic for my MSc Engineering Investigation proposal.
I would very much appreciate suggestions of good topics and areas of research relevant to my field.
Thanks!
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Dear Mohiuddin Abdullah, during my MSc thesis I worked on the enhanced oil recovery (EOR) via polymer flooding. Due to the increasing demand on fossil energy sources, these EOR techniques such as CO2 injection for pressure restoration and others are still attracting research and field applications. So my suggestion targets on this area of research. My Regards
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Dear Research Gate Members,
Most of the cities in the world are facing partial or complete Lock Downs due to Pandemic Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread. Millions of people in the world are living in Government or self-administered Quarantines. The world is expecting a long time with it and continuously learning to live with it. In this situation Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH) are the ultimate new realities for many in the world.
Many organizations and Educational Institutions are doing “Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH)” very first time. Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS became the top priorities for most of them. Many organizations and Educational Institutions are still confused in making the choice between Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS. In this scenario, it’s really important to share your expert opinions and experiences.
Please, share your expert suggestions and/or recommendations on the following question.
How do you compare Google ZOOM Vs Microsoft TEAMS for Online Education / Work From Home during Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) Lock Downs/Quarantines?
Thanks & Regards
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Dear Muhammad Ali Khan I have made presentations using both Zoom and MS team. I personally consider Zoom to be user-friendly.
Thanks!
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In the past two decades, many robust structural reliability methods have been presented that we may not even have heard their name. For a reliability researcher, it is very difficult to read all manuscripts, write their code and properly examine their efficiency/accuracy. On the other hand, it seems that some efficient/robust ones are being forgotten.
The purpose of this discussion is to create a space for the exchange of experience and expression of reliability researchers' views/opinions about the structural reliability methods. I hope this could help us to save time and learn more.
Suppose that you have a real-world structural reliability problem without any information about its limit state function, geometry of the performance function and the safety level of the problem (i.e. the performance function can be estimated by a finite element method-based software).
Among the existing reliability methods, which one is your choice? Why?
Let us discuss about this. Share your experiences to help others.
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Dear Mohammad,
I really appreciate your effort to make the discussion interactive.
I provided a feedback but then, I remove it. First, let us know the opinion of other researchers about the drawbacks of using response surface method in reliability analysis of complex systems. Does anyone have experience in this regard? I accommodatingly present my experiences.
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List the critical solved and unsolved global/constrained/complex optimization problems, combinatorial and engineering problems?
Metaheuristic algorithms can be classified in many ways
Several Metaheuristic algorithms are proposed to solve different optimization problems, but the solved is resolved and the unsolved is still unsolved.
List the unsolved problem or the critical solved problem that need an optimal solution to help the researcher to solve the unsolved problems.
Thanks for you contributions
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Every year math programmers devise optimal solutions for more and more complex and larger problems, while metaheuristics enthusiasts still haven't caught up with the times. I find it puzzling - like it was a virtue to not finding an optimal solution. For several of us, it is quite puzzling, actually. I would be interested to hear why optimal solutions are not useful, or interesting.
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What is the publication time of the manuscript, should it get accepted. How long will it take for the first decision of the review to arrive? We will be applying for grad colleges in September, so it would ideal if the paper is published before that.
I would appreciate if someone would be so kind as to answer our queries as soon as possible so we can take an informed decision regarding the same.
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Dear Arijeet Tapan Nath to get the template go to this website entitled
Ain Shams Engineering Journal — Instant Formatting Template
and click on the blue button "Use this template". Good luck!
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Dear M. Li,
I watched a video of your presentation, of 01/29 at the "International Online Seminar on Interval Methods in Control Engineering", which I found very interesting.
Could you tell me please which algorithm did you use for polytopic conversion of zonotope for the attack detection and could you possibly give me some references about it?
Thanks in advance for your answer,
Best regards,
Yasmina BECIS.
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Dear Yasmina,
First, thanks for your interest. The conversion can be found in Theorem 2.1. of the dissertation of Prof. Athoff, i.e., "Reachability Analysis and its Application to the Safety Assessment of Autonomous Cars".
Best regards, Jitao
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Weather forecast has utmost importance in Aviation, Ship routing, safety measures, planning and designing of structures, urban areas, offshore maintenance, natural resources, coastal areas, Agriculture, pollutants management and in many more weather applications in world wide.
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The prediction depend on the available data,should there be enough data the prediction can be 100%, but in absence of reliable data the predictions are very low say 25%.
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In the last decade, boosting sustainability has been extensively studied in developing countries and developing societies. According to many works of literature, many attempts strive to achieve sustainability's main goals. Moreover, in Paris Conference Agreement in 2015, a decision to low the harmful gas emissions and low the earth's temperature by 2° C had been made.
I was astonished while working on my research paper in the following link:
As I found out, developing countries already have possibilities and opportunities to boost and achieve its targeting goals. At least the 17 goals that UN was determined. Although it is obvious that boosting sustainability is too hard for these contexts, I really seek to know why?
This is a well-recognized issue that necessitates a better approach toward figuring suitable solutions. Perhaps one of the first questions to arise is: How can we boost sustainability in Developing Countries?
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Good question
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Dear Research Gate Members,
Due to Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) spread, many cities are facing partial or complete Lock Down. Like other sectors, Higher Education is also affected badly due to these Lock Downs. To overcome this situation either many Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) have adapted the Distance Learning/E-Learning/Virtual Education or planning to implement it. Many Universities and/or colleges are new to Distance Learning/E-Learning/Virtual Education and are having issues in its implementation as well. In this scenario, it’s really important to share the expert opinions and experiences.
Please, share your expert opinion, experiences and/or suggestions on the following matter.
Which Learning Management System (LMS) is more suitable for Distance/Virtual Education or E-Learning in Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs)?
If you prefer more than one, then please rank them.
Thanks & Regards
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I have been using Moodle as a student and as an instructor.
Other people consider also open-source LMS comparable options to be: Chamilo, Claroline and Dokeos.
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I'm looking for an open repository or culture collection to deposit some genetically engineered E. coli strains (from the papers below). The primary goal is to preserve those strains for the long term future and provide easy and ideally free access for researchers all over the world.
Please post any recommendations and experiences with such service providers here.
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I would suggest the Ecoli Genetics Stock Center.
They also have a link to other E.coli collections:
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Mathematical programming is the best optimization tool with many years of strong theoretical background. Also, it is demonstrated that it can solve complex optimization problems on the scale of one million design variables, efficiently. Also, the methods are so reliable! Besides, there is mathematical proof for the existence of the solution and the globality of the optimum.
However, in some cases in which there are discontinuities in the objective function, there would be some problems due to non-differentiable problem. Some methods such as sub-gradients are proposed to solve such problems. However, I cannot find many papers in the state-of-the-art of engineering optimization of discontinuous optimization using mathematical programming. Engineers mostly use metaheuristics for such cases.
Can all problems with discontinuities be solved with mathematical programming? Is it easy to implement sub-gradients for large scale industrial problems? Do they work in non-convex problems?
A simple simple example of such a function is attached here.
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It may be useful to make a distinction between 'global' optimisation (where one is given an explicit, non-convex objective function) and 'black-box' optimisation (where the function is not given explicitly). The methods for them are very different.
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Dear Research Gate Members,
Online Education / Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH) are the ultimate new realities for many in the world due to Pandemic Novel Corona Virus (COVID-19) spread. In this situation, many organizations and Educational Institutions are practicing “Online Education/Distance Learning and Work From Home (WFH)” now on regular basis. Google ZOOM and Microsoft TEAMS became the top priorities for most of them. Many organizations and Educational Institutions are still thinking to switch the meeting platforms. In this scenario, it’s really important to share your expert opinions and experiences.
Please, share your expert suggestions and/or recommendations on the following question.
Have you observed the improvements in Online Meeting Platforms during COVID-19? In this context, how will you compare Google ZOOM & Microsoft TEAMS?
Thanks & Regards
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Microsoft teams is the best platform for team meetings, group discussions and group seminars..
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The Laboratory is an essential component for any Engineering program. Is it possible to achieve the Course Learning Outcomes through virtual labs, Do@Home experiments and recorded experiments.
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The answer in my opinion is yes.
Many helping tools have been used to give the students the same experience through simulation platforms, distributed kits and lab boards, and through the AR/VR tools.
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Recently one of my colleague asked to submit a manuscript to a virtual online conference. When I saw the invited speaker list I found my professor name in this list and I immediately contacted him he was stranged and knew nothing about this conference. Later on we realized it is completely a fake conference and just performed only website activities with fake address and telephone numbers and charged reasonable money from each author to present the paper on power point slides as virtual poster.
So I advice you please be careful for the submission of your abstract for such virtual conferences.
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Hello everyone
Well, this is my first post here so I hope this news will allow me the pleasure of chatting with you on this topic.
So, as a student engineer in mechanical engineering specializing in numerical mechanics, I am engaged for simulating crash square tube on Abaqus with the explicit dynamics and Riks static. With the explicit dynamics everything is fine, but I lost with the Riks static, where I still haven't got a result and even I am not able to start the running.
I am attaching images of the results with explicit dynamics.
Thank you for your time and consideration.
Best regards, Firass
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If your intend nos is to do a nonlinear static analysis you mas use the implicit code, which can also do nonlinear dynamics and more accurately so than the explicit code in buckling analysis. The Riks method will work fine in nonlinear statics on the implicit cod if you introduce an appropriate imperfection. In your square tube case, I would advise using the *IMPERFECTION keyword to preload the first eigenvalue resulting from a previous bifurcation buckling analysis creating a file output that will be then read by the cited keyword. Scale the eigenvector with an appropriate factor ( say 0.005-in or a small fraction of the wall thickness). Start with a small increment.
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Is it correct to say India produces more Engineering graduates than it requires?
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Yes and is supplying to whole world where needed ......
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Dear all,
Which are the most applicable models to analyze the energy effect and thermal comfort?
Models applies especially to occupant-controlled, natural conditioned spaces, where the outdoor climate can actually affect the indoor conditions and so the comfort zone
Many thanks in advance
Elena
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You can find a good summary of the thermal comfort standards we use in our research in this paper: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/22/9630
It includes criteria for naturally and mechanically ventilated, both with fixed threshold and adaptative models.
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When running AVL, the program outputs derivative values, however I have not been able to find documentation on whether the derivatives are dimensional, or dimensionless based on the *.AVL input file.
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Hi, I used AVL in Flight mechanics lectures. It took me a long time to understand the dimensions of derivatives.
The derivations according to angular velocity are dimensionless, angular rates are defined: pb/2V, qc/2V, rb/2V
What's really strange? I used default units and this is the result:
The derivatives according to alfa and beta are in 1/rad!
The derivatives according to control surface deflections are in 1/deg!
Do you have the same experience?
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Hello, I have an assignment in my material science class that requires us to interview an electronics engineer that practices material science at work. I heard manufacturing engineers at semiconductors or PCB industry do heavy materials related works. I don't have anyone to interview so I'm asking here for a favor if anyone of you is interested to share some of your knowledge and experience when it comes to this subject matter. Please do comment or send me a message if you're interested. Your help is very much appreciated. Thank you!
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Hello
I'm Sorry, my field is computer engineering.
Best Regards
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how to draw scheme Fig. in article?
please see attached file (Ref. Aluminum Alloy Castings Properties, Processes, and Applications, J. Gilbert Kaufman Elwin L. Rooy)
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If you are looking for a free, reliable and cloud-based option with a lesser learning curve (for 2D schematics), take a look at: https://www.diagrams.net/
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I'm working with a data set that has species abundance for two ecosystem engineers along a transect. Samples consisted of counting individuals within quadrats at specified intervals along each transect.
I'm having trouble determining if there is a density of one engineer that is too high for the other to maintain their destiny or be present. I'm not sure what type of statistical approach I could/should take.
The goal is to figure out if the two engineers have any capacity to co-exist within the same environment.
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There is a range of issues to think about here. The simplest approach is to plot the abundances of one engineer against the abundances of the other, at least in the first instance. Often people just correlate the values, though there are potential problems with that, and the question you pose is more subtle, suggesting a threshold value. You could try fitting something non-linear. Things to think about though: are you more interested in quadrats where one engineer is present and the other absent? You might try something non-parametric then. Do the actual densities matter? A common approach for these kind of data is to convert them to percentages, so the value for each quadrat is the percentage of the total occurences of an engineer that occur in that particular quadrat. This allows you to deal with the fact that one engineer may naturally occur in greater densities when it does occur (think barnacles vs limpets, for example). While the question is beguilingly simple, there's a lot you could try. See J. exp. mar. biol. 449 (2013) 261-273 for some thoughts and, potentially, a method.
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the VPL formula can be given here as,
f(P)=sum((a+b*P+c*P^2)+abs(e*sin(f(Pmin-P))))
Can anyone please explain if the value from the term (Pmin-P) in the above formula is in degrees or radians?
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Saif ur Rehman ... thanks for your response.
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I'm an electronic engineer and working in this field for quite a while. now almost all jobs in the industry are defined and done in the form of a project.
recently I am exposed to a lot of accounting concepts and their similarity with the concept of the project piqued my interest.
yet I wasn't able to find a recent, referrable paper on this subject.
I appreciate it dearly if you recommend any paper on this matter.
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Thank you all for your answers. they really helped a lot
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Hello,
I find that there are a lot of papers citing the use of a Image Analysis software QUANT by :
QUANTIFY PLANT DISEASE SEVERITY
Software by:
Professor Dr. Elpídio I. Fernandes Filho
Time:
Professor Dr. Francisco Xavier Ribeiro do Vale
Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Departamento de Fitopatologia, Viçosa, MG, Brazil, CEP 36571-000
Professor Dr. Elpídio I. Fernandes Filho
Departamento de Solos – UFV
José Ricardo Liberato
Agronomy Engineer, M.S. - Departamento de Fitopatologia – UFV
I would like to know where I can find a download link to this software
Thank you,
Marie
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Nice question. I also wanted to know the same.
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Is there a way to transform a similarity matrix from high space to low space and keep the same knowledge? For example, the attached matrix.
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To reduce of dimensionality of space you can use Tensorized Random Projections:
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How do you think artificial intelligence can affect medicine in real world. There are many science-fiction dreams in this regard!
but how about real-life in the next 2-3 decades!?
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AI, deep learning, machine learning, and related disciplines are giving us a huge advantage in searching through the space of all possible hypotheses about the relationship between input data and output data.
Translated into medicine, AI et all allow us to make relationships between diseases and their real causes within extremely complex causal networks present inside of our cells/bodies.
This search, when done cleverly, can be fully automatized. According to my understanding from research on the prediction of TdP, VT, and VF arrhythmias, this is the near future of medical research.
Automatic mapping of all relationships present within living cells/bodies using huge databases of collected data is giving a strategical advantage to each country when it is pursued within its science.
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Historically, the subject question has been met mainly with "After The Fact" assertions.
Yet when one learns of the infrastructure failures . . .bridges, tunnels, pipelines, highways. . .
it seems clear that early audits of those projects would have cured, if not mitigated the unacceptable results. Such results include but are not limited to loss of life.
To the knowledge of this writer it seems there is not a system of practice management for compliance with a Professional Engineer's Code of Ethics.
Please enlighten this writer, and our colleagues.
Q. Why, Who, What, and How might this need be satisfied with evidence?
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Hi, I have an assignment in my material science class that requires us to interview an electronics engineer that practices material science. I heard that those who are working in the Semiconductor industry do heavy material science at work. I don't have anyone to interview so I'm asking here for a favor if anyone of you is interested to share some of your knowledge and experience when it comes to this subject matter. Please comment or send me a message if you're interested. Your help is very much appreciated. thank you!
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Try contacting Ph.D. students from EE at IITs or IISc.
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Even almost 20 years after the first Digital Twin (DT) concept was presented by NASA, there is still no broad implementation of DTs in industry is known to date. Why is that? What is hindering companies in developing DTs? What are the biggest obstacles? And where could research provide additional and useful support?
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Dr. Trauer, We were busy with a very similar question some time ago. Based on a literature survey, we concluded that there were six major (families of) obstacles: (i) exponentially growing . complexities (complicatedness), (ii) trade-off limitations (investments/efforts and benefits/gains), (iii) real-life coupling (interfacing, interoperation, and reliability), and (iv) computational performance issues, (v) verification and validity issues, and (vi) unclear responsibility (legal) matters. Seemingly, these are still valid in the present days. Regards, I.H.
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How to see the success rate of mangrove restoration from the aspect of the successful life of the planted seeds. The current weather conditions were very bad, with high waves (2 meters). The fence used is a Hybrid Engineering model.
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Hi, I'm a graduated Ph.D. trying to land a system engineer/instrumentation engineer position at an X-ray vendor company such as Rigaku and I have some questions about this:
1. How to standardize a measurement using either XRD or XRF so I know when the x-ray flux is wrong and I need to align it?
2. I did work as a XRD manager in my Ph.D. group so I gain some instrumentation knowledge here and there. However I wonder if there are any open source courses/literature/books for systematic education on theory, system configurations, source, detectors, etc.
Thanks for any help or advice in advance!
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Dear Dr. Zhimin Qi ,
regarding your first question, I suggest you to have a look at a similar previous question in RG at:
then I suggest you to have a look at the following documents:
- THIN FILM CHARACTERISATION BY ADVANCED X-RAY DIFFRACTION TECHNIQUES
V School o nX-rayDiffraction from Polycrystalline Materials By INFN (1996)
-MITOPENCOURSEWARE
- Powder Diffraction & Rietveld Refinement School by Durham University (2018)
My best regards, Pierluigi Traverso.
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In High Voltage Engineering by Naidu & Kamaraju(3rd edition) the following is seen in Chapter 3, Conduction and breakdown in Liquid Dieletrics,
Section 3.4.5 Conclusions:
Vb=Adn
Where: d=gap length, A= a constant, and n= a constant, n<1
Now, what is the electric field?
Is it E=Vb/d = (Adn)/d
OR
Is it E= dV/dd = (nA dn-1)
As you can see the answers will be very different!!
ERB
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I do not have the figures for researchers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), but for this discussion, I will assume that in a population of researchers, a fair fraction will be researchers in STEM.
The Philippines has a frustratingly small number of researchers (~188 researchers for every 1 million inhabitants). This is probably the reason it lags behind its neighbors in the STEM fields. This, I would suppose, has detrimental effects on the overall development of the country. Its neighbors, such as South Korea (~7500 researchers/million inhabitants), Singapore (~6700 researchers/million inhabitants), Japan (~5300 researchers/million inhabitants), Malaysia (~2400 researchers/million inhabitants), Thailand (~1200 researchers/million inhabitants), China (~1200 researchers/million inhabitants), and Vietnam (~700 researchers/million inhabitants), that have significantly larger densities of researchers have overtaken the Philippines in many aspects of development. Other countries, such as Laos (~16 researchers/million inhabitants), Cambodia (~30 researchers/million inhabitants), Myanmar (~29 researchers/million inhabitants) seem to also lag in many aspects of progress.
What might it take for countries such as ours to raise more researchers and scientists? Would you be able to provide suggestions on how we might do so despite the fact that the Philippines and other countries with small densities of researchers are low- to middle-income countries?
(Data on number of researchers per million inhabitants taken from UNESCO Institute for Statistics: http://data.uis.unesco.org/index.aspx?queryid=64)
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It's less about producing them, it's more about convincing them to stay. How many are open to a (large) pay cut vs. going abroad where "the grass is greener"...
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Case Study – Wricketie Engineering Ltd. Wricketie Engineering Ltd. (WEL) designs and builds cleanrooms for semiconductor manufacture. Business has been good plus WEL has bid and won a project that requires more work than they have engineers to complete. WEL estimated its on-time cost of the project would be $310,000. If WEL completes the work internally and is late, each week will incur $16,000 of internal costs. WEL has to decide whether it will hire more engineers (thus incurring internal costs and risking the first-ever layoff at the end of the project), subcontract the work to another firm, or enter into a joint venture with another firm completing some portion of the work and WEL engineers completing the remainder. Kwiksand Engineering has submitted a bid for the complete project at $284, 000. The joint venture, with Ropee Engineers, would be $242,000 for a major portion of the work with WEL completing the rest for $60,000. However, each option would not complete the work on time and WEL would incur charges of $28, 000 for each week the project is late. WEL has estimated the probabilities for each week the project is late.
OptionOn-timeOne Week Late2 Weeks Late3 Weeks LateWEL engineers only0.40.50.1nilKwiksand0.20.40.30.1Joint Venture - Ropee Eng.0.10.30.40.2
1.   Prepare a decision tree to evaluate WEL’s three options. Show all necessary calculations. 2.   Based on the expected monetary value (EMV), what is WEL’s best choice (assuming the probability estimates are accurate)? 3.   What factor(s) might influence WEL’s decision other than a choice based solely on the options’ EMV?
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You don´t address the purpose of RG with your request!
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integrity is often defined as being honest and having strong moral and ethical principles.
The world certainly needs it very much. Can we teach this quality to our students? should the parents be the ones that teach ethics to their children? Can society or, religious institutions teach this?.
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I agree with@ Irfan Adin Majid. It is a great responsability of a teacher.
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Hello dear researchers
I have an opportunity to have a series of interview with great Iranian scientists from all over the world on my social media account.
I am listing the possible questions that I can ask!
If you were me, what were the questions that you wanted to ask!?
Please help me with your nice ideas!
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There are no G-d scientists, although G-d is the greatest scientist. As earthlings, with respect to your question, the development of our genius, e.g. the full healing potential of physicians and the medical profession, is bound to step over certain rules of one or more disciplines. It is my informed guess, that the new global economic growth engine of the 21st century will be human health, in holistic terms. We will gain a more sacred or higher understanding of the humany body and our biological condition on this planet, also in terms of practical ethics and health. Concerning the medical sciences, profiteering-from-disease is no future model. Wishing you good luck with all your interviews and much progress in your field !!!
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University graduates work in various companies and at first, find it difficult since what they learned is of very little or no help in the new job. The work is very specific and very little of it is covered in the university curriculum. Should universities focus more on job-specific skills or continue with academic education? what are the consequences?
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Dear Prof. Mahmoud Moghavvemi, probably universities should use a competency-based educational - CBE approach.
CBE gives skill gain function properties for students.
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I am looking for a help for the questions I uploaded.
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As regards the safety aspects with the foreseen arrangement, in my mind you should at first consider that in case of a dielectric breakdown, the electrostatic energy of the cable is suddenly released, may be, with a power arc in air. More over a breakdown of the longitudinal insulation of the series inductance implies the application of the test voltge at the 11kV side of the transformer (and associated measurement devices, if any) with a transfer of voltage to the LV side also.
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The framework of economics today draws largely from post-War scholarship. And here, we remember the use of biomathematics by Paul Samuelson and contemporaries of the sixties and seventies. Now, that framework has been challenged and partly because of its finite dimensions. Hark back the 2007/8 crisis. Take ‘forward guidance’. It terrified the central banker. The models could not handle the realities of strongly nonlinear dynamical systems. Another crisis is here, Covid. Looking ahead, economics might have to draw more from the data-driven linearisation of engineering. And the Koopman world comes to mind. So we must ask, why can’t engineering and economics merge? And the question is more relevant in the most strongl